Biostratigraphy and Paleoecology of Calcareous Nannofossils in the Greenhorn Marine Cycle
Published:January 01, 1985
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David K. Watkins, 1985. "Biostratigraphy and Paleoecology of Calcareous Nannofossils in the Greenhorn Marine Cycle", Fine-Grained Deposits and Biofacies of the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway: Evidence of Cyclic Sedimentary Processes, Lisa M. Pratt, Erle G. Kauffman, Frederick B. Zelt
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Preliminary biostratigraphic investigation of the Greenhorn Limestone at Pueblo, Colorado indicates that the Lincoln, Hartland, and lower Bridge Creek members are part of the Lithraphidites acutum calcareous nannofossil Zone. The middle and upper part of the Bridge Creek Member is assigned to the Quadrum gartneri Zone. Subdivision of these zones is difficult due to the scarcity of several biostratigraphically important taxa. Biohorizons based on secondary taxa do, however, offer promise for intrabasinal and intercontinental correlation.
Paleobiogeographic analysis using three time-slices across the basin suggests that fresh-water influx from the basin margins was an important factor in restricting nannofossil occurrence and diversity during the initial stages of the invasion of oceanic surface water masses into the basin (middle Cenomanian). By maximum transgression, however, the effects of fresh-water influx appear to be minimal in the eastern and central portions of the basin.
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Fine-Grained Deposits and Biofacies of the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway: Evidence of Cyclic Sedimentary Processes
Fine-Grained Deposits and Biofacies of the Cretaceous Western Seaway: Evidence of Cyclic Sedimentary Processes - This volume emphasizes the influence of cyclic sedimentary processes on the distribution of rock types and faunas in the Cretaceous strata in Colorado. As a whole, the volume provides an interdisciplinary view of the causes and consequences of gradual cyclic, periodic, and catastrophic changes in environmental conditions recorded by strata in the Kiowa-Skull Creek, Greenhorn, and Niobrara Cyclothems.