Trenton Limestone – The Karst that Wasn′t there, or was it?
Brian D. Keith, Lawrence H. Wickstrom, 1993. "Trenton Limestone – The Karst that Wasn′t there, or was it?", Paleokarst Related Hydrocarbon Reservoirs, Richard D. Fritz, James L. Wilson, Donald A. Yurewicz
Download citation file:
The top surface of the Trenton Limestone and equivalent carbonate units has be variously described as a subaerial exposure surface (paleokarst), a submarine erosion surface, and a submarine hardground. Detailed study of the contact between the carbonates and overlying shale in outcrop and core and regional stratigraphic analysis indicate that the surface represents a drowning unconformity on the Galena and Lexington carbonate platforms in Ohio and Indiana. This unconformity also appears within the Sebree Trough in Indiana between the platforms, but it is within the overlying shale section rather than at its base. The unconformity has not been recognized in the Point Pleasant Basin in central and southern Ohio. Paleokarst may locally exist on this surface in southern Ontario.
Figures & Tables
This volume is a compilation of papers relative to paleokarst and associated reservoirs. The examples illustrate many of the rock types, and stratigraphic, structural, and paleotopographic features of carbonate strata which result chiefly from solution and collapse due to ingress of meteoric waters at and below unconformities. Examples presented here range from settings with considerable dissolution and collapse to those with significant unconformities but little evidence of meteoric alteration. It is estimated that 20–30% of recoverable hydrocarbons are in some way related to unconformities. Paleokarst reservoirs may also be important future reservoirs for application of horizontal drilling technology.