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Abstract

The central goal of this contribution is to development new methods for describing and modeling carbonate reservoirs. This pair of exercises focuses on establishing a high-resolution sequence framework for shallow-water platform-top carbonate reservoir strata and, for these specific examples, mixed-carbonate-clastic successions. The scale of particular interest is that of several thousand feet laterally and several hundred feet vertically, a scale useful in reservoir description and modeling.

Specific topics for this discussion will be the development of a sequence stratigraphic framework that integrates observations from core, wireline logs, and outcrop analogs. This approach is similar to that applied by Van Wagoner et al (1988, 1990) for siliciclastic reservoirs. It downplays the emphasis on stratal geometry, the dominant player in seismically oriented sequence stratigraphy, putting it on par with other sequence stratigraphic tools, including cycle hierarchy, cycle stacking (both thickness and symmetry), facies proportions, and facies tract offset.

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R.H.
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Candelaria
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Moore
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G. E.
, (eds.),
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62
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Figures & Tables

Contents

GeoRef

References

REFERENCES

BARNABY
,
R. J.
WARD
,
W. B.
,
1995
,
Sequence stratigraphic framework, high-frequency cyclicity and three-dimensional heterogeneity: Grayburg formation, Brokeoff Mountains, New Mexico
, in
Pause
,
R.H.
Candelaria
,
M.R.
, (eds.),
Carbonate Facies and Sequence Stratigraphy: Practical Applications of Carbonate Models
 :
Permian Basin Section-Society of Economic Paleontologists Mineralogists Publication 95-36
, p.
37
.
BORER
,
J. M.
HARRIS
,
P. M.
,
1991
,
Depositional facies and cyclicity in the Yates Formation, Permian Basin - Implications for reservoir heterogeneity
:
American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin
 , v.
75
, p.
726
779
.
CRAWFORD
,
G. A.
,
1981
,
Depositional history and diagenesis of the Goat Seep Dolomite (Permian, Guadalupian), Guadalupe Mountains, West Texas-New Mexico
 : unpublished Ph.D. dissertation,
University of Wisconsin
,
Madison, Wisconsin
,
300
p.
FRANSEEN
,
E. K.
FEKETTE
,
T. E.
PRAY
,
L. C.
,
1989
,
Evolution and destruction of a carbonate bank at the shelf margin: Grayburg Formation (Permian), western escarpment, Guadalupe Mountains, Texas
, in
Crevello
,
P. D.
Wilson
,
J. L.
Sarg
,
J. E.
Read
,
J. E.
, eds.,
Controls on carbonate platform and basin development
 :
Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publication Number 44
, p.
289
304
.
GARDNER
,
M. H.
,
1992
,
Sequence stratigraphy of eolian-derived turbidites: deep water sedimentation patterns along an arid carbonate platform and their impact on hydrocarbon recovery in Delaware Mountain Group reservoirs, West Texas
, in
Mruk
,
D. H.
Curran
,
B. C.
, eds.,
Permian Basin Exploration and Production Strategies: Applications of Sequence Stratigraphic and Reservoir Characterization Concepts
 ,
West Texas Geological Society, Inc. Symposium, Publication Number 92-91
, p.
7
11
.
GARDNER
,
M.H.
BARTON
,
M.D.
TYLER
,
N.
FISHER
,
R.S.
,
1992
,
Architecture and Permeability Structure of Fluvial-Deltaic Sandstones, Ferron Sandstone, East-Central Utah
, in
Flores
,
R.M.
, (ed)
Mesozoic of the Western Interior
 ,
Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Field Trip Guidebook
, p.
5
20
.
GOLDHAMMER
,
R. K.
OSWALD
,
E. J.
DUNN
,
P. A.
,
1991
,
Hierarchy of stratigraphic forcing: Example from Middle Pennsylvanian shelf carbonates of the Paradox Basin
, in
Franseen
,
E. K.
Watney
,
W. L.
Kendall
,
C. G. St. C.
Ross
,
W.
, eds.,
Sedimentary Modeling: Computer Simulations and Methods for Improved Parameter Definition
 :
Kansas Geological Survey Bulletin 233
, p.
361
413
.
HANFORD
,
C.R.
LOUCKS
,
R.G.
,
1994
,
Carbonate depositional sequences and systems tracts-responses of carbonate platforms to relative sea-level changes
in:
Loucks
,
R.G.
Sarg
,
J.F.
, (eds)
Carbonate Sequence Stratigraphy recent developments and applications
 ,
American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Memoir 57
, p.
3
41
.
HAYES
,
P. T.
,
1964
,
Geology of the Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico
 :
United States Geological Survey Prof. Paper 446
,
69
p.
HURLEY
,
N. F.
,
1978
,
Facies mosaic of the lower Seven Rivers Formation (Permian), North McKittrick Canyon, Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico
 : Unpublished M.S. thesis,
University of Wisconsin
,
Madison, Wisconsin
,
198
p.
HURLEY
,
N. E.
,
1989
,
Facies mosaic of the lower Seven Rivers Formation, McKittrick Canyon, New Mexico
, in
Harris
,
P. M.
Grover
,
G. A.
, (eds.),
Subsurface and outcrop examination of the Capitan Shelf Margin, northern Delaware Basin
 
Society of Economic Paleontologists Mineralogists Core Workshop Number 13
, p.
325
346
.
JAMES
,
N. P.
,
1979
,
Shallowing-upward sequences in carbonates
, in
Walker
,
R. G.
, ed.,
Facies Models
 :
Geoscience Canada Reprint Series 1
,
Toronto
, p.
109
119
.
KERANS
,
C.
FITCHEN
,
W.M.
GARDNER
,
M.H.
SONNENFELD
,
M.D.
TINKER
,
S.W.
WARDLAW
,
B.R.
,
1992
,
Styles of sequence development within uppermost Leonardian through Guadalupian strata of the Guadalupe Mountains, Texas and New Mexico
; in
Mruk
,
D.H.
Curran
,
B.C.
, eds.,
Permian Basin Exploration and Production Strategies: Applications of Sequence Stratigraphic and Reservoir Characterization Concepts
 ,
West Texas Geological Society, Inc. Symposium, Publication Number. 92-91
, p.
1
7
.
KERANS
,
C.
LUCIA
,
F.J.
SENGER
,
R.K.
,
1994
,
Integrated characterization of carbonate ramp reservoirs using Permian San Andres Formation outcrop analogs
.
Bulletin American Association of Petroleum Geologists
 , v.
78
, number
2
, p.
181
216
.
KERANS
,
CHARLES
LUCIA
,
F. J.
SENGER
,
R. K.
FOGG
,
G. E.
NANCE
,
H. S.
KASAP
,
EKREM
HOVORKA
,
S. D.
,
1991
,
Characterization of reservoir heterogeneity in carbonate ramp systems, San Andres-Grayburg Formations, Permian Basin
 :
The University of Texas
at
Austin
,
Bureau of Economic Geology, Reservoir Characterization Research Laboratory Final Report
,
245
p.
KERANS
,
C.
NANCE
,
S.
,
1991
,
High-frequency cyclicity and regional depositional patterns of the Grayburg Formation, Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico
, in
Meader-Roberts
,
Sally
Candelaria
,
M. P.
Moore
,
G. E.
, (eds.),
Sequence stratigraphy, facies and reservoir geometries of the San Andres, Grayburg, and Queen Formations, Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico and Texas
 :
Permian Basin Section-Society of Economic Paleontologists Mineralogists Publication 91-32
, p.
53
69
.
KING
,
P. B.
,
1948
,
Geology of the southern Guadalupe Mountains
 :
United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 215
,
183
p.
KOERSHNER
,
W.E.
READ
,
J.E.
,
1989
,
Field and modeling studies of Cambrian carbonate cycles, Virginia Appalachians
,
Journal of Sedimentary Petrology
 , v.
59
, p.
654
687
.
MEISSNER
,
F. E.
,
1970
,
Cyclic sedimentation in Middle Permian strata of the Permian Basin, West Texas and New Mexico
 :
West Texas Geological Society publication 72-60
, p.
118
142
.
MITCHUM
,
R. M.
JR.
VAN WAGONER
,
J. C.
,
1991
,
High-frequency sequences and their stacking patterns: sequence-stratigraphic evidence of high-frequency eustatic cycles
, in:
Biddle
,
K.T.
Schlager
,
W.
, eds.,
The Record of Sea-Level Fluctuations
:
Sedimentary Geology
 , v.
70
, p.
131
160
.
MORAN
,
W. R.
,
1954
,
Proposed type sections for the Queen and Grayburg Formations of Guadalupe age in the Guadalupe Mountains, Eddy County, New Mexico
: (abst.)
GSA Bull.
 , vol.
65
, p.
1288
, and
Guidebook of Southeastern New Mexico, New Mexico Geological Society
p.
147
150
.
NANCE
,
H. S.
,
1988
,
Interfingering of evaporites and red beds: An example from the Queen/Grayburg formation, Texas
: in
Kocurek
,
G.
, ed.,
Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic eolian deposits of the western interior of the United States
,
Sedimentary Geology
 , v.
56
, p.
357
382
.
PARSLEY
,
M. J.
,
1988
,
Deposition and diagenesis of a late Guadalupian barrier-island complex from the middle and upper Tansill Formation (Permian), east Dark Canyon, Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico
 : unpublished M.A. thesis,
The University of Texas at Austin
,
Austin, Texas
,
247
p.
READ
,
J. E.
GROTZINGER
,
J. P.
BONE
,
J. A.
KOERSCHNER
,
W. E.
,
1986
,
Models for generation of carbonate cycles
:
Geology
 , v.
14
, p.
107
110
.
READ
,
J. E.
GOLDHAMMER
,
R. K.
,
1988
,
Use of Fischer plots to define 3rd order sea-level curves in peritidal cyclic carbonates, Ordovician, Appalachians
:
Geology
 , v.
16
, p.
895
899
.
RUPPEL
,
S. C.
,
1992
,
Controls of platform development in the Leonard Series (Middle Permian) of West Texas: Significance of multifrequency cyclicity and paleotopography
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