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Book Chapter

Beaverhill Lake Megasequence

By
C.V. Campbell
C.V. Campbell
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Published:
January 01, 1992

Abstract

This succession incorporates the entire Beaverhill Lake Group and the underlying Watt Mountain Formation. These units are interpreted to comprise a first-order cycle. Collectively, the progression of strata in this megasequence corresponds to an overall transgressive-regressive succession. Thicknesses of these strata range from nil along the Peace River Arch where these units onlap out, to over 200 m in east-central and northern Alberta. This pattern reflects greater rates of subsidence away from the Peace River and Western Alberta arches.

Figure 1 depicts the general paleogeography of the Beaverhill Lake megasequence in the WCSB. This map illustrates the distribution of both shallow-water and basinal facies. In Alberta the dominant element is a deep-water basin that extends as far south as south-central Alberta. Because of the truncation of Beaverhill Lake strata along the pre-Jurassic and pre-Cretaceous unconformities, the configuration of the connection of this basin to the deep-water seaway in the Northwest Territories is unknown.

The basin is fringed by shallow-water platform carbonates on both its east and west sides. The platform carbonates along the southeast side of the basin grade into the more restictive carbonate-evaporite successions of the Souris River Formation. Shallow-water carbonates along the west side of the basin and south of the Peace River Arch include backstepping platform and bank successions. These units onlap and ultimately cover the Western Alberta Arch. Of particular note in this area is the occurrence of the Swan Hills platform margin at Caroline. A giant gas-condensate pool was discovered here by Shell in 1985 which ranks as the most significant hydrocarbon discovery in Devonian rocks in the WCSB in the last quarter century. Further north, isolate Swan Hills reef complexes occur on a more areally extensive carbonate platform, basinward of time-synchronous bank development. Collectively, more oil is pooled in these reef complexes than any others in the WCSB.

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Contents

SEPM Short Course Notes

Devonian-Early Mississippian Carbonates of the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin: A Sequence Stratigraphic Framework

Jack Wendte
Jack Wendte
Institute of Sedimentary and Petroleum Geology, Geological Survey of Canada 3303 33rd Street N.W. Calgary, Alberta T2L 2A7
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Frank A. Stoakes
Frank A. Stoakes
Stoakes Campbell Geoconsulting Ltd. 500, 839 - 5th Avenue S.W. Calgary, Alberta T2P 3C8
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Clarence V. Campbell
Clarence V. Campbell
Stoakes Campbell Geoconsulting Ltd. 500, 839 - 5th Avenue S.W. Calgary, Alberta T2P 3C8
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SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
Volume
28
ISBN electronic:
9781565762510
Publication date:
January 01, 1992

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