Romeo M. Flores, 1985. "Introduction", Recognition of Fluvial Depositional Systems and their Resource Potential, Romeo M. Flores, Frank G. Ethridge, Andrew D. Miall, William E. Galloway, Thomas D. Fouch
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The understanding of fluvial environments and processes that operate within them as well as their products in the geological record is a recent development. During the past decade, facies analysis of fluvial rocks has been increasingly used to explore for and develop hydrocarbons, coal, uranium, and metallic minerals. The rapid growth in the data base on fluvial depositional systems coupled with the need to recognize the economic potential of their deposits has yielded numerous excellent books (Miall, 1978; Collinson, 1978; Galloway and Hobday, 1983; Collinson and Lewin, 1984), which deal with recognition and classification of the whole spectrum of fluvial systems, fluvial processes and their products, facies models of ancient fluvial deposits, and application of fluvial models to resource exploration and development. This notebook is an outgrowth of the burgeoning geological investigations of fluvial rocks and their associated resource potential.
An overall view of the elements of deposition, framework, and styles of aggradation of fluvial systems is the key to comprehending fluvial architecture. Recognition of the depositional elements and aggradational patterns provides a classification of fluvial systems (e.g., alluvial fans and braided, meandering, anastomosed, and basin trunk-tributary rivers). These fluvial systems frequently are integrated and interconnected drainage networks. Factors that control the development of a specific type of fluvial system include tectonic, climatic, hydraulic, and geomorphic conditions. Processes and products of a fluvial system are influenced by these factors.
A synthesis of the processes and products of fluvial systems is best derived from recent fluvial systems, with emphasis on physical