Harry E. Cook, 1983. "Introductory Perspectives, Basic Carbonate Principles, and Stratigraphic and Depositional Models", Platform Margin and Deep Water Carbonates, Harry E. Cook, Albert C. Hine, Henry T. Mullins
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The increased need to find new energy resources in deep marine frontier environments has clearly intensified the importance and interest in deep water carbonate settings and how these settings interrelate to adjacent shoal water platform margins. Coarse-grained mass-flow deposits beyond the shelf break in terrigenous clastic environments have been known for many years to form major petroleum reservoirs (Barbat, 1958), and it is likely that similar deep-water clastic facies will continue to be future exploration targets (Hedberg, 1970; Curran et al, 1971; Gardett, 1971; Nagel and Parker, 1971; Schlanger and Combs, 1975; Walker, 1978; Wilde et al, 1978; Howell and Normark, 1982). With the concept of plate tectonics, seismic stratigraphy, advances in seismic-reflection technology and cycles of relative sea level change, a more sophisticated approach to understanding the developments of deeper water environments has emerged (Cook and Enos, 1977a, b; Doyle and Pilkey, 1979; Stanley and Moore, 1983), Consequently, this understanding has placed more emphasis on the geological history and petroleum potential of slope and basin margin settings (for example, Hedberg, 1970; Burk and Drake, 1974; Weeks, 1974; Bouma et al, 1976; Thompson, 1976; Wang and McKelvey, 1976; Bloomer, 1977; Schlee et al, 1977; Mattick et al, 1978; Krueger and North, 1983).
Well-documented examples of petroleum reservoirs in carbonate slope and basinal settings are fewer in number than their terrigenous clastic counterparts. However, discoveries of major petroleum accumulations in upper Paleozoic-lower Cenozoic slope facies have stimulated interest in deep water carbonates (Cook et al, 1972; Enos, 1977a, in press; Viniegra-O