Figures & Tables
The application of organic matter studies in petroleum exploration had its start with the recognition of “rank” in coal. During the period of 1900–1925, both physical and chemical methods were developed for determination of the degree of low grade metamorphism of particulate organic materials, or palynodebris in coals and other sediments. Measurements of the relative metamorphism (maturation level) which are based on physical properties are generally quick, cheap, and qualitative to semiquantitative. Those based on chemical analyses are less rapid and tend to be more quantitative. Each method has advantages and disadvantages and they often are combined. Papers included in this course consider methods based on particulate organic matter, reflectance, fluorescence, and geochemistry. A method for integrating the data into a three-dimensional model is included.