Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

Ecology of Large, Shallow-Water, Tropical Foraminifera

By
Charles A. Ross
Charles A. Ross
Department of Geology, Western Washington University Bellingham, Washington 98225
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
January 01, 1979

Abstract

Among tropical foraminifers a number of families and genera reach large sizes, commonly ranging from 3 mm3 in volume to more than 300 mm3. Many of these are part of lineages that have extensive fossil records and formulation of an ecological framework for the extant representatives may have applicability to related foraminifers in carbonate deposits as old as Cretaceous and by analogy to the extinct late Paleozoic fusulinaceans. Most large, living foraminiferal genera are associated with a symbiotic photosynthetic partner. Some of these photosynthetic partners are zooxanthellae similar to those in tropical, shallow water, hermatypic corals. Most large foraminifers show one or more type of shell adaptation for the effective utilization of their symbionts. In general, large foraminifers are important constituents of coral reef ecological systems and are geographically limited in their distribution to surface water having temperatures greater than 200C, to shallow shelf areas in the upper part of the photic zone, and to normal (35.5 ppt or higher) salinities. Only a few larger genera, such as the alveolinids, are common in the middle part of the photic zone.

You do not currently have access to this article.

Figures & Tables

Contents

SEPM Short Course Notes

Foraminiferal Ecology and Paleoecology

Jere H. Lipps
Jere H. Lipps
Search for other works by this author on:
Wolfgang H. Berger
Wolfgang H. Berger
Search for other works by this author on:
Martin A. Buzas
Martin A. Buzas
Search for other works by this author on:
Robert G. Douglas
Robert G. Douglas
Search for other works by this author on:
Charles A. Ross
Charles A. Ross
Search for other works by this author on:
SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
Volume
6
ISBN electronic:
9781565762350
Publication date:
January 01, 1979

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal