Improvements of geophysical acquisition and processing techniques and coring data give a new insight into the architecture of large subaquatic dunes. A field of dunes, with amplitudes ranging from 0.7 to 9.4 m. has been studied in the Bay of Bourgneuf. near the Loire inlet, France. Results show that the bedforms have steep lee sides and distinct asymmetry, and that the internal structure consists of steeply-dipping cross-strata truncated by several orders of bounding surfaces. The true dip angle of the laminae, measured on a core collected from a 3.6-m-high dune, suggests the existence of sandflow or sandfall processes, similar to those previously described in eolian dunes or small intertidal bedforms. The combined effect of waves and tidal currents is proposed to explain the strong asymmetry of the structures and the origin of bounding surfaces. Even if these dunes can be considered as tidal bedforms, seismic and core data suggest that the internal structure is probably the result of episodic, rather than cyclic, processes. If compared to the sand waves described by Visser from sheltered environments, this type of sandbody should be difficult to interpret in the stratigraphic record, because it does not display any "tidal criteria" (tidal bundles, mud couplets).
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The Three-Dimensional Facies Architecture of Terrigenous Clastic Sediments and its Implications for Hydrocarbon Discovery and Recovery
While there has been much interest in recent years in concepts of sequence stratigraphy, this book focuses on stratigraphic units that are, in general, an order of magnitude smaller than sequences. A knowledge of such architectural detail is of considerable significance in the development of detailed, scaled facies models for depositional environments, and is of paramount importance in the efficient design of advanced petroleum recovery projects. This book is the outcome of a SEPM Research Symposium held at the annual meeting of the Society in San Antonio, Texas, April 1989. The intent of the meeting was to bring together modern research on facies architecture, and to apply this research to the investigation of reservoir heterogeneities and production problems.