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Rosignano Reef Complex (Messinian), Livornesi Mountains, Tuscany, Central Italy

By
Alessandro Bossio
Alessandro Bossio
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisa, via S. Maria 53, 55126 Pisa, Italy
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Mateu Esteban
Mateu Esteban
Carbonates International Ltd., Vilanova 70, Esporles, Mallorca, Spain
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Renzo Mazzanti
Renzo Mazzanti
C.N.R., Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisa, via S. Maria 53, 55126 Pisa, Italy
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Roberto Mazzei
Roberto Mazzei
C.N.R., Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisa, via S. Maria 53, 55126 Pisa, Italy
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Gianfranco Salvatorini
Gianfranco Salvatorini
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Siena, via delle Cerchia 3, 53100 Sienna, Italy
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Published:
January 01, 1996

Abstract:

The Rosignano Reef Complex ("Calcare di Rosignano") consists of two fringing coral reef units with small lagoons, the Acquabona (lower) and the Castelnuovo (upper), separated by restricted marine carbonates and conglomerates and associated unconformities. The Acquabona reef is exclusively made-up of Porites; whereas, the overlying Castelnuovo reef shows a higher diversity (3-5 coral species). Large stromatolitic domes associated with marine conglomerates also are present in Castellina. Red algal mounds are common in association with coral reefs but never reach significant geometries to be described separately. Basinal sections consist of basal lacustrine deposits overlain by restricted marine marls with three evaporinc units evolving into another unit of marine to brackish-freshwater facies post-dating the Castelnuovo reef. Litho- and biostratigraphic correlation provides a complete framework for the northernmost coral-reef complex of the Upper Miocene of the Mediterranean.

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SEPM Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology

Models for Carbonate Stratigraphy from Miocene Reef Complexes of Mediterranean Regions

Evan K. Franseen
Evan K. Franseen
Kansas Geological Survey, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas
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Mateu Esteban
Mateu Esteban
Carbonates International Ltd, Esporles, Mallorca, Spain
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William C. Ward
William C. Ward
Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of New Orleans, Louisiana
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Jean-Marie Rouchy
Jean-Marie Rouchy
Laboratoire de Geologie, Museum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
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SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
Volume
5
ISBN electronic:
9781565762282
Publication date:
January 01, 1996

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