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Miocene Reefs of the Paratethys: A Review

By
Andrzej Pisera
Andrzej Pisera
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warsaw, Poland
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Published:
January 01, 1996

Abstract:

Following successive trasgressive events, two main reef episodes occurred during Miocene deposition in the Paratethys: the Badenian and Sarmatian. Small coral patch reefs and coral carpets are known from Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria from the Badenian. Algal-vermetid reefs form the main Badenian reef chain extending from Poland through the Ukraine to Moldavia. The Sarmatian reefs are composed of peloidal (thrombolitic) limestones with large amounts of early fibrous cement and varying admixture of serpulid tubes, sessile forams Nubecularia, monostromatic red algae and encrusting cheilostomatous bryozoans. The main Sarmatian reef chain occurs in the same paleogeographic position as the Badenian algal-vermetid reefs and follows the former shallow-water platform margin from Poland through the Ukraine, Moldavia to Bulgaria; these reefs occur also on the Crimea and in the Forecaucasian region. The development of the Badenian reefs had been controlled by sedimentation patterns (clastics supply) and climatic factors. The Sarmatian reefs composition had been controlled by the chemistry of the Sarmatian basin water.

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Contents

SEPM Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology

Models for Carbonate Stratigraphy from Miocene Reef Complexes of Mediterranean Regions

Evan K. Franseen
Evan K. Franseen
Kansas Geological Survey, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas
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Mateu Esteban
Mateu Esteban
Carbonates International Ltd, Esporles, Mallorca, Spain
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William C. Ward
William C. Ward
Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of New Orleans, Louisiana
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Jean-Marie Rouchy
Jean-Marie Rouchy
Laboratoire de Geologie, Museum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
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SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
Volume
5
ISBN electronic:
9781565762282
Publication date:
January 01, 1996

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