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Models for Carbonate Stratigraphy from Miocene Reef Complexes of Mediterranean Regions: Introduction

By
Evan K. Franseen
Evan K. Franseen
1
Kansas Geological Survey, University of Kansas, 1930 Constant Ave., Lawrence, Kansas 66047
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Mateu Esteban
Mateu Esteban
2
Carbonates International, Vilanova, 70, E-07190, Esporles, Mallorca, Spain
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William C. Ward
William C. Ward
3
Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana 70148
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Jean-Marie Rouchy
Jean-Marie Rouchy
4
CNRS (UA 723), Laboratoire de Géologie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 43, rue Buffon, 75005 Paris, France
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Published:
January 01, 1996

Abstract

Miocene carbonates are a rich but largely untapped source for general models of carbonate stratigraphy, paleoecology, diagenesis and hydrocarbon exploration. Lower and Middle Miocene reef carbonates display an ample worldwide distribution (Fig. 1A), surpassing the modern reef belt (Fig. 1B). In contrast, Upper Miocene reefs are remarkably restricted (Fig. 1C), reflecting the well-known global-cooling trend during Miocene times. The Mediterranean regions, which we define to include the entire Mediterranean Sea plus the Paratethys, Red Sea and nearby Atlantic areas, include a wide variety of Miocene carbonates and some of the world's best outcrops.

In terms of quality of outcrops and field control, Miocene carbonates of Mediterranean regions equal or surpass those of the Devonian of the Canning Basin of Australia, the Permian Capitan reef of Texas and New Mexico, the Triassic of the Dolomites of Italy or the Lower Cretaceous in the Vercors of France. In some aspects, Miocene carbonates in Mediterranean regions offer significant advantages over those world-famous examples currently used as stratigraphic models, because: 1. Mediterranean-region reef complexes occur in a wider variety of structural and depositional settings, with better potential to evaluate the relative influence of the different tectonic, sedimentologic, hydrographic, climatic, ecologie and eustatic controls on facies patterns and geometries. 2. Miocene carbonates of Mediterranean regions offer better stratigraphic resolution, a plus for the study of high-frequency stratigraphic cycles. 3. The similarity with modern carbonates facilitates detailed analysis of depositional facies and ecology. 4. At various times and places during Miocene deposition in Mediterranean regions, carbonates developed as tropical coral reefs, temperate ramps or variations in between the two. A wider variety of platform styles occurs including non-rimmed platforms, rimmed platforms some with deeper-water mounds and platforms consisting of oolite shoals and stromatolites.

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SEPM Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology

Models for Carbonate Stratigraphy from Miocene Reef Complexes of Mediterranean Regions

Evan K. Franseen
Evan K. Franseen
Kansas Geological Survey, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas
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Mateu Esteban
Mateu Esteban
Carbonates International Ltd, Esporles, Mallorca, Spain
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William C. Ward
William C. Ward
Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of New Orleans, Louisiana
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Jean-Marie Rouchy
Jean-Marie Rouchy
Laboratoire de Geologie, Museum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
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SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
Volume
5
ISBN electronic:
9781565762282
Publication date:
January 01, 1996

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