Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway Drilling Project: An Overview
Walter E. Dean, Michael A. Arthur, 1998. "Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway Drilling Project: An Overview", Stratigraphy and Paleoenvironments of the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway, USA, Walter E. Dean, Michael A. Arthur
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The Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway Drilling Project was begun in 1991 under the auspices of the U.S. Continental Scientific Drilling Program. It was intended to be a multidisciplinary study of Cretaceous carbonate and siliciclastic rocks in cores from bore holes along a transect across the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway. The study focuses on middle Cretaceous (Cenomanian to Campanian) strata that include, in ascending order, Graneros Shale, Greenhorn Formation, Carlile Shale, and Niobrara Formation. The transect includes cores from western Kansas, eastern Colorado, and eastern Utah. The rocks grade from pelagic carbonates containing organic-carbon-rich source rocks at the eastern end of the transect to nearshore coal-bearing units at the western end. These cores provide unweathered samples and the continuous depositional record required for geochemical, mineralogical, and biostratigraphic studies. The project combines biostratigraphic, paleoecological, geochemical, mineralogical, and high-resolution geophysical logging studies conducted by scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey, Amoco Production Company, and six universities.
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This volume presents the results of a coordinated, multidisciplinary study of Cretaceous carbonate and clastic rocks in cores collected along a transect across the old Cretaceous seaway that extended from the Gulf Coast to the Arctic by a team of academic, industry and U.S. Geological Survey scientists. The overall goal was to construct a subsurface transect of mid-Cretaceous strata that were deposited in the U.S. Western Interior Seaway. In particular, the papers in this volume focus on the Graneros Shale, Greenhorn Formation, Carlile Shale, and Niobrara Formation and equivalents in cores from six drillholes from western Kansas, southeastern Colorado and eastern Utah.