Dipmeter Interpretation of Turbidite-Channel Reservoir Sandstones,Indian Draw Field, New Mexico
Published:January 01, 1988
Detailed stratigraphic interpretation of high-resolution dipmeter logs can provide important information concerning the geometry and distribution of reservior sandstones. Stratigraphic dip data were correlated with primary rock properties observed in cores and borehole-log data to define the internal geometry of turbidite-channel sandstones in the Cherry Canyon Formation at Indian Draw field, New Mexico. Characteristic dip patterns allowed the delineation of erosional unconformities, channel sequences, slump faulting, contorted and massive bedding, and sedimentary drape.
The erosional unconformity which marks the base of the Indian Draw channel exhibits a characteristic dip pattern consisting of an abrupt change in the trend of dip magnitude and dip azimuth across the unconformity. Slump faults exhibit an abrupt increase in dip with depth over a small interval and an associated progressive dip azimuth rotation approaching the fault. Contorted beds show a random dip pattern, often marked by poor quality, high magnitude dips. Massively bedded sandstones lack computed dips and sedimentary drape patterns typically consist of a decrease in dip upward within basinal deposits overlying a sandstone.
Detailed mapping of the reservoir sandstones indicates deposition as stacked, laterally discontinuous lenses within the previously eroded channel. Direction of sedimentary drape over sandstone lenses can be used to map their trends. Channel-fill lenses are 5 to 30 ft (1.5 to 9.1 m) thick, are elongated parallel to depositional dip and have a sinuous geometry. Such turbidite channel deposits can be anticipated to form complex multilayered reservoirs, consisting of a series of isolated sandstone lenses of restricted areal extent.
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This volume is a collection of papers which focus on the sedimentology of siliciclastic sandstone and carbonate reservoirs. The papers were selected to show how detailed sedimentologic descriptions, when combined with engineering or other subsurface geologic techniques, yield reservoir models which may be used for reservoir management during field development and during secondary or tertiary enhanced oil recovery. In all the papers the framework for the field descriptions relies heavily of full-diameter cores. In addition to conventional 4-inch-diameter cores, frozen and rubber-sleeve cores were utilized in one or more of the studies. In addition to cores, at least one other geologic or engineering technique is integrated into each study. This integration of sedimentologic descriptions with other techniques gives rise to synergism.