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Book Chapter

Ichnofacies of a Modern Size-Graded Shelf, Northwestern Gulf of Mexico

By
Gary W. Hill
Gary W. Hill
U.S. Geological Survey12201 Sunrise Valley Dr., Reston, Virginia 22092
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Published:
January 01, 1985

Abstract

Biogenic sedimentary structures decrease in diversity and abundance with increasing water depth across the size-graded shelf of south-central Texas. Regional biorurbation patterns are related to macrobenthic infaunal assemblages and sediment facies. Dense and diverse assemblages of biogenic sedimentary structures are associated with shallow-water areas with relatively coarse substrates, low sedimentation rates, and dense and diverse infaunal assemblages. The outer shelf zone exhibits little biorurbation due to the presence of very few organisms, high sedimentation rates, and an underconsolidated substrate of muddy sediments of near-uniform grain size. Most traces have limited distribution ranges, high preservation potential, and vertical to subvertical orientation (or represent deep subhorizontal burrowing). In the rock record, estimating the degree of bioturbation in mud beds is the key to correctly interpreting regional bioturbation patterns for size-graded shelf deposits.

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Contents

SEPM Special Publication

Biogenic Structures: Their Use in Interpreting Depositional Environments

H. Allen Curran
H. Allen Curran
Department of Geology Smith College, Northampton Massachusetts
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SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
Volume
35
ISBN electronic:
9781565761650
Publication date:
January 01, 1985

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