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Book Chapter

Processes and Sediment Dynamics

Published:
January 01, 1983

Abstract

Because the shelfedge bridges shallow and deep ocean environments, sedimentary processes characteristic of each of these provinces interact at the shelfbreak to influence sediment transport in the benthic boundary layer. Processes at the shelfedge and mechanics of sediment transport have been inferred from data gathered in many regional shipboard sampling and surveying investigations. Grouping these processes into two major categories—geologic factors and oceanic factors—aids in conceptualizing the complex system of sediment dynamics at the shelfedge. Geologic factors include tectonism, sediment supply, sediment size, shelf width, depth of the break below sealevel, gradient of the upper slope, and bathymetric irregularities. Oceanic factors include fronts between water masses, boundary currents, meteorologically-induced currents, tides, internal waves, and surface waves. Although any of these factors may operate simultaneously on any continental margin, their relative importance varies with time and space; i.e., one, two, or several of these factors may dominate shelfedge sediment transport on a given continental margin or at any given time.

Few investigators have actually measured the water and sediment motions in the benthic boundary layer at the shelfedge. Regional sediment-transport data are of limited value as long as the various factors of the forcing mechanisms have not been properly studied and correlated with the flow field and sediment activity at the bottom. Sophisticated instruments deployed for long periods of time are necessary to acquire data adequate for an assessment of the forcing mechanisms that control sediment transport. The few existing measurements of this type support the concept that shelfedge processes differ with place and time among continental margins and on any given continental margin. It follows that caution should be exercised when one attempts to generalize about the shelfedge transport system.

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Contents

SEPM Special Publication

The Shelfbreak: Critical Interface on Continental Margins

Daniel Jean Stanley
Daniel Jean Stanley
Division of Sedimentology Smithsonian Institution
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George T. Moore
George T. Moore
Chevron Oil Field Research Company La Habra California
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SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
Volume
33
ISBN electronic:
9781565761636
Publication date:
January 01, 1983

GeoRef

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