Catagenesis of sedimentary organic matter leads to end products of methane and a carbonaceous, graphite-like residue. Kerogens heated in the laboratory as well as those that have experienced natural catagenesis demonstrate progressively better developed graphite-like atomic arrangement as a function of increased temperature conditions.
The height / width ratios of the d<sub>002</sub> X-ray diffraction peak of graphite are useful in expressing various levels of graphitization and thus are potentially useful in paleothermometry.
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There are a number of gaping holes in accumulated knowledge within the discipline of sedimentology. Perhaps one of the largest holes has been the general subject of diagenesis in clastic rocks. It was therefore fortuitous that two symposia covering various aspects of diagenesis (mainly in clastics) were presented a year apart in different parts of the country but with the same motivation – to contribute to the closing of that knowledge gap. Sedimentologists now have a fairly good idea of the what and the how of sediment deposition. What happens after the sediments are lithified has frequently been ignored. It was the aim of both editors of this publication to approach the subject from two different viewpoints. Schluger directed a symposium which looked mainly at clastic reservoirs, and Scholle presented a symposium which examined various aspects of paleotemperature control of diagenesis.