Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

The evolution of the Canadian Cordilleran eugeosyncline can be understood in terms of five rock sequences or assemblages. Three of these, Laberge, Bowser, and Sustut: and Georgia Assemblages, fulfill the requirements of epieugeosynclines (or successor basins) as defined by Marshall Kay very closely.

The Laberge Assemblage (Lower and Middle Jurassic) was derived from an island complex having a granitoid core and was probably deposited within a mobile, marginal oceanic basin.

The Bowser Assemblage (Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous) was derived from a mobile orogenic core made up of rocks as old as Precambrian and as young as the Laberge Assemblage. The Bowser sediments were probably deposited within a marginal basin underlain by crust transitional in character between oceanic and continental.

The Sustul: and Georgia Assemblages (Upper Cretaceous and Paleogene) are characterized by extensive continental clastics that were deposited in structurally controlled basins underlain by incompletely cratonized continental crust.

Intracrustal spreading of sialic material is invoked to explain the progressive continentalization during the evolution of the successor basins. The transition from predominantly marine deposition (Bowser Assemblage) to predominantly nonmarine deposition (Sustut Assemblage), seems to coincide with a time of peripheral cooling of metamorphic complexes and the emplacement of large discordant plutons. The transition from nonmarine deposition to regional erosion coincides with shallow-level plutonism, explosive volcanism, and uplift of the high-grade metamorphic core zones. It is suggested that the rate of these transitions is directly related to the magnitude of shortening of sialic crust and to the magnitude of the isostatic anomaly resulting therefrom.

You do not currently have access to this chapter.

Figures & Tables

Contents

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal