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Book Chapter

Evolution of Successor Basins in the Canadian Cordillera

By
G. H. Eisbacher
G. H. Eisbacher
Geological Survey- of Canncla, Vaticouver, British Columbia
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Published:
January 01, 1974

Abstract

The evolution of the Canadian Cordilleran eugeosyncline can be understood in terms of five rock sequences or assemblages. Three of these, Laberge, Bowser, and Sustut: and Georgia Assemblages, fulfill the requirements of epieugeosynclines (or successor basins) as defined by Marshall Kay very closely.

The Laberge Assemblage (Lower and Middle Jurassic) was derived from an island complex having a granitoid core and was probably deposited within a mobile, marginal oceanic basin.

The Bowser Assemblage (Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous) was derived from a mobile orogenic core made up of rocks as old as Precambrian and as young as the Laberge Assemblage. The Bowser sediments were probably deposited within a marginal basin underlain by crust transitional in character between oceanic and continental.

The Sustul: and Georgia Assemblages (Upper Cretaceous and Paleogene) are characterized by extensive continental clastics that were deposited in structurally controlled basins underlain by incompletely cratonized continental crust.

Intracrustal spreading of sialic material is invoked to explain the progressive continentalization during the evolution of the successor basins. The transition from predominantly marine deposition (Bowser Assemblage) to predominantly nonmarine deposition (Sustut Assemblage), seems to coincide with a time of peripheral cooling of metamorphic complexes and the emplacement of large discordant plutons. The transition from nonmarine deposition to regional erosion coincides with shallow-level plutonism, explosive volcanism, and uplift of the high-grade metamorphic core zones. It is suggested that the rate of these transitions is directly related to the magnitude of shortening of sialic crust and to the magnitude of the isostatic anomaly resulting therefrom.

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SEPM Special Publication

Modern and Ancient Geosynclinal Sedimentation

R. H. Dott, Jr.
R. H. Dott, Jr.
University of Wisconsin, Madison
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Robert H. Shaver
Robert H. Shaver
Indiana University, Bloomington
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SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
Volume
19
ISBN electronic:
9781565761490
Publication date:
January 01, 1974

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