Geometry of carbonate accumulations
Depositional geometry of recent accumulations is an important tool for predicting the anatomy of sedimentary rocks in the subsurface. One advantage of sediment analysis by depositional geometry is that it can be performed on remote images, such as seismic or radar profiles and photos of distant or inaccessible outcrops. Geometry contains significant information on the internal structure and the depositional history of a formation. This chapter deals first with basic controls on the geometry of carbonate accumulations and the suitable terminology for their description. Subsequently, we turn to characteristic patterns associated with the three carbonate factories or specific depositional environments.
Figures & Tables
Carbonate Sedimentology and Sequence Stratigraphy
Sedimentology and stratigraphy are neighbors yet distinctly separate entities within the earth sciences. Sedimentology searches for the common traits of sedimentary rocks regardless of age as it reconstructs environments and processes of deposition and erosion from the sediment record. Stratigraphy, by contrast, concentrates on changes with time, on measuring time and correlating coeval events. Sequence stratigraphy straddles the boundary between the two fields. This book, dedicated to carbonate rocks, approaches sequence stratigraphy from its sedimentologic background. This book attempts to communicate by combining different specialities and different lines of reasoning, and by searching for principles underlying the bewildering diversity of carbonate rocks. It provides enough general background, in introductory chapters and appendices, to be easily digestible for sedimentologists and stratigraphers as well as earth scientists at large.