Principles of carbonate production
Three rules capture the peculiar nature of carbonate depositional systems – carbonate sediments are largely of organic origin, they can form wave-resistant structures and they are easily altered by diagenesis because the original minerals are metastable. The implications of these rules are pervasive. We will encounter them throughout the chapters of this book, starting with the present review of principles that govern the production of sediments and the growth of reefs.
Figures & Tables
Carbonate Sedimentology and Sequence Stratigraphy
Sedimentology and stratigraphy are neighbors yet distinctly separate entities within the earth sciences. Sedimentology searches for the common traits of sedimentary rocks regardless of age as it reconstructs environments and processes of deposition and erosion from the sediment record. Stratigraphy, by contrast, concentrates on changes with time, on measuring time and correlating coeval events. Sequence stratigraphy straddles the boundary between the two fields. This book, dedicated to carbonate rocks, approaches sequence stratigraphy from its sedimentologic background. This book attempts to communicate by combining different specialities and different lines of reasoning, and by searching for principles underlying the bewildering diversity of carbonate rocks. It provides enough general background, in introductory chapters and appendices, to be easily digestible for sedimentologists and stratigraphers as well as earth scientists at large.