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Abstract

Fluvial processes and stream deposits have been subjects of study for many centuries but modern studies started with the fundamental work of Gilbert over fifty years ago. This was the beginning of a period of detailed measurements and collection of data for the purpose of math ematically predicting stream behavior. Field observations were tested and checked by laboratory flume studies to arrive at more precise mathematical descriptions of the variables. This work led to the development of a new discipline called fluvial hydrology Centers for the study of hydrology developed in many of the engineering schools across this country and through out the world. The construction of navigable water ways dams canals and spillways provided the impetus for research into the physical processes controlling erosion sediment dis charge deposition floods and channel stability.

Parallel to this development and also following the fundamental work of Gilbert the geomorphologist and sedimentologists studied meandering sediment transport texture and sedimentary structures. The engineerin and geological studies were rarely correlated and little attempt was made to obtain a synthesis of the two approaches. To my knowledge the first attempt was by Sundborg 1956 in which he showed the relation of hydrology to the resulting sedimentary deposits of the Klaralven River. Other workers including Leopold Wolman and Mackin extensively studied channel geometry floo plain development and sediment transport considerably advancing the understanding of fluvial processes.

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