The purpose of this chapter is to illustrate how modeling programs can be used to interpret groundwater movement. In addition, support models are presented, the purpose of which is to help the geologist make essential economic decisions and to communicate effectively with regulatory agencies.
An essential part of any report is its presentation. For this reason, programs that help in report preparation are also presented. These include contouring capabilities, graphing programs, and a program designed specifically for editing the huge matrices of numbers that are typically generated by the modeler. The programs that are discussed are mostly in the public domain, or are relatively inexpensive to purchase, and all are sized to be used on standard IBM-clone PC.
Figures & Tables
Introduction to Environmental Hydrogeology
These notes have been written to supply supporting material for a “short course” introduction to environmental hydrogeology. The assumption is that most people who take the short course (or purchase the notes without taking the short course) will be geologists, although the information could be useful to engineers or other scientists who desire an introduction to environmental consulting in general, or hydrogeology in particular. The notes, and course, are an introduction – a partial survey - of some aspects of environmental geology, with particular reference to subsurface hydrogeology and remediation of sites contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. No claim of completeness is made. Regulatory programs vary from state to state. The regulatory framework used in the state of New York is sometimes given as an example. The reader should be aware that rules and procedures may differ in other states.