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The most common and most useful method for determining whether or not groundwater is contaminated is to install permanent groundwater monitoring wells from which groundwater samples can be collected. This is called a "groundwater study". The goals, or steps, typically are to: 1. install and develop three or more monitoring wells at the site; 2. sample the groundwater in the wells; 3. have the samples analyzed for likely contaminants; 4. evaluate the analytical results and plot the distribution of contamination on a map; 5. determine the direction of groundwater flow by surveying the site to establishing the location and elevation of the measuring point on each well relative to a benchmark, and then measuring the depth to groundwater in each well; 6. use the results of steps 4 and 5 to determine the scope of contamination, the likely source of contamination, and whether or not additional monitoring wells are needed; and 7. devise an appropriate remedial strategy

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