The following chapter contains a brief overview of the development of thought on the origin of subsurface brines from from time of the earliest quote I have found to date (Anaxagoras, -450) to the present. The text is abbreviated and modified from a contribution to the American Geophysical Union series on the History of Geophysics (Hanor, 1987). This text is a prequel to an earlier article (Hanor, 1984) which covers in more detail the 50-year period 1933-1983. That article was written as part of a commemorative volume celebrating the 50th anniversary of the founding of my undergraduate geology department at Carleton College by Laurence M. Gould.
You will probably be surprised to find that many of the ideas regarding the origin of subsurface brines have fairly ancient roots. If you don't like surprises, however, move on to Chapter 5 .
Figures & Tables
Origin and Migration of Subsurface Sedimentary Brines
The topics covered in these notes have been selected to provide the general sedimentary geologist with an introduction to some of the key problems and a conversational familiarity with some of the basic techniques in this important area of sedimentary geology. A number of field examples are drawn from the Louisiana Gulf Coast, buy many of the general principles will be applicable to other areas and problems.