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Book Chapter

Introduction

Published:
January 01, 1987

Approximately twenty percent by volume of most sedimentary basins is pore water. Most of these pore waters are hot, salty, and under high pressure (see figures). Their chemical composition is unlike the composition of most waters formed in earth surface environments.

Interest in the origin and migration of subsurface sedimentary brines has been stimulated by the role these fluids play in a wide range of fundamentally important geological processes. For example, as complex mixtures of sedimentary materials and organic matter attempt to achieve chemical equilibrium during burial diagenesis, pore fluids permit the transfer of material from one phase to another and themselves evolve in chemical composition. Because pore fluids are mobile, they can migrate through the earth's crust, carrying with them diagenetically reactive components, heat, hydrocarbons, salts, and metals. The presence of pore fluid under pressure facilitates or may even induce tectonic deformation of sedimentary basins and continental margins. Vast quantities of hazardous wastes are injected into the subsurface each year, often with little understanding of how they may react with native pore fluids and sediment and where they will migrate. Massive salt in some hydrologically active sedimentary basins has been considered as a possible repository for the storage of high-level radioactive wastes. Is this salt actively dissolving?

It is of obvious importance to know how fluids in sedimentary basins originate, what processes determine their chemical composition, and what factors determine pathways and mechanisms of migration and solute transport.The detailed answers to these questions are far from certain, even

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Contents

SEPM Short Course Notes

Origin and Migration of Subsurface Sedimentary Brines

Jeffrey S. Hanor
Jeffrey S. Hanor
Department of Geology and Geophysics Louisiana State University Baton Rouge, LA 70803
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SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
Volume
21
ISBN electronic:
9781565760998
Publication date:
January 01, 1987

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