Sequences and Systems Tracts Calibrated by High-Resolution Bio-Chronostratigraphy: The Central Mediterranean Plio-Pleistocene Record
Published:January 01, 1999
Raimondo Catalano, Enrico di Stefano, Attilio Sulli, Francesco P. Vitale, Salvina Infuso, Peter R. Vail, 1999. "Sequences and Systems Tracts Calibrated by High-Resolution Bio-Chronostratigraphy: The Central Mediterranean Plio-Pleistocene Record", Mesozoic and Cenozoic Sequence Stratigraphy of European Basins, Pierre-Charles de Graciansky, Jan Hardenbol, Thierry Jacquin, Peter R. Vail
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Large-scale correlations and sequence stratigraphic analyses have been carried out in the central Mediterranean region, a tectonically active area crossing the extensional margin of the southern Tyrrhenian, the compressional front of the Siculo-Maghrebian Tertiary chain and the North African foreland. The Plio-Pleistocene marine record has been subdivided in sequences and systems tracts on the basis of both original data and correlations. We provide seismic, well-log and outcrop data supporting the occurrence of regional unconformities of constant age, related to glacio-eustatic oscillations. Evidence of transgressive-regressive facies cycles having different orders of duration, major erosional truncations and basin starvation events contributed to the construction of a new sea-level cycle chart based on the available Mediterranean high-resolution biochronology and magnetostratigraphy. We largely used the deep-sea correlative conformities of sequence boundaries in order to improve the age calibration of the cycle chart. The chart, based on a new Plio-Pleistocene time scale, can resolve boundary ages up to 5th-order paracycles based on correlations to the high-frequency oscillations of the deep-sea record. Outcrop evidence of correlations between individual parasequences and 41 ky astronomical and climatic oscillations of the deep-sea record is supported by high-resolution biochronology. A comparison with the Mediterranean Plio-Pleistocene sequence chart confirms the general validity of the Gulf of Mexico cycle chart of Wornardt and Vail (1991), except for minor differences in age and number of 4th-order sequences.
The sequence stratigraphic subdivisions are recognizable even in active sectors where stratal analysis separates the eustatic from the tectonic component; from this perspective, our experience support the regional synchroneity of sequences and systems tracts occurring in the studied interval independently of local tectonic factors.
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Mesozoic and Cenozoic Sequence Stratigraphy of European Basins
Mesozoic and Cenozoic Sequence Stratrigraphy of European Basins - This project was designed to build a documented chronostratigraphic and outcrop record of depositional sequences calibrated across European Basins. Data on standard stages, magnetostratigraphy, and geochronology integrated with high resolution biostratigraphy calibrate the stratigraphic position of depositional sequence boundaries. Higher order eustatic sequences show a significant increase in the number identified. A good portion of the European Mesozoic and Cenozoic succession is set in a sequence stratigraphic context with a better stratigraphic record of its bonding surfaces.