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Abstract:

The objectives of this overview are to establish fundamental concepts of sequence stratigraphy and to define terminology critical for the communication of these concepts. Many of these concepts have already been presented in earlier articles on seismic stratigraphy (Vail and others, 1977). In the years following, driven by additional documentation and interaction with co-workers, our ideas have evolved beyond those presented earlier, making another presentation desirable. The following nine papers reflect current thinking about the concepts of sequence stratigraphy and their applications to outcrops, well logs, and seismic sections. Three papers (Jervey, Posamentier and Vail, and Posamentier and others) present conceptual models describing the relationships between stratal patterns and rates of eustatic change and subsidence. A fourth paper (Sarg) describes the application of sequence stratigraphy to the interpretation of carbonate rocks, documenting with outcrop, well-log, and seismic examples most aspects of the conceptual models. Greenlee and Moore relate regional sequence distribution, derived from seismic data, to a coastal-onlap curve. The ast four papers (Haq and others; Loutit and others; Baum and Vail; and Donovan and others) describe application of sequence-stratigraphic concepts to chronostratigraphy and biostratigraphy.

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