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Rock physics is an essential part of multicomponent seismic technology. Knowledge of rock-physics principles is required to understand the behavior of P and S reflections at targeted interfaces and to explain why a P-wave image across a stratigraphic interval might look different from an S-wave image although both are correct descriptions of geologic properties that affect P- and S-wave propagation. This chapter considers two sources of rock-physics information — principles found by doing physical measurements on rock samples in a laboratory and principles developed by analyzing theoretical models of rock and fluid systems. The objective is to understand how rock and fluid properties affect P- and S-wave propagation in real rocks.

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