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Gravity methods are a useful primary and supplementary exploration technique in mining geophysics, accounting for about ten percent of the total effort over recent years.

Newtonian potential theory provides a necessary foundation for understanding the nature of gravity fields. Laplace’s equation describes the field outside of gravitating matterPoisson’s equation holds for the fields within a mass.

Gravity fields due to simple geometric shapes are derived to illustrate uses of basic principles. Gauss’ law demonstrates the field of a cylinderthe Bouguer effect.

Fundamental information and theory are provided in this introduction to the Gravity Chapter, for the papers by Morris and Sultzbach, MillettFuller which follow.

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