Calculations for an unconsolidated sand with partial gas saturation show a 20 percent increase in compressional wave velocity between 1 and 100 hz and attenuation of 27 db/1000 ft at 31 hz and 82 db/1000 ft at 123 hz.
Shear velocity and attenuation are not affected. Fluid-flow waves are shown to be responsible for the dispersion and attenuation at low frequencies; relations are derived by extending Gassmann’s viewpoint t o include coupling between fluid-flow waves and seismic body waves. This appears to be an important loss mechanism for heterogeneous porous rocks.
Figures & Tables
Seismic Wave Propagation: Collected Works of J. E. White
This first chapter sets the stage for the later technical development of Dr. Whit’s career in applied seismics. Experiments, f’wst at the Acoustics Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and later at Mobil Oil and Marathon Oil, provided insight into the general problems of impedance measurements, transduction, filtering, and attenuation. These papers also serve as a bridge to show geophysicists how theft own experiments in seismology naturally interface with (indeed, arose out of) the larger world of sound measurements in air and water. These experiments demonstrate the power of geometrically constrained experiments to allow verification of approximate (and in some cases, exact) theories of sound.