Wave propagation from an explosive source
The model proposed describes the radiation of the primary seismic pulse from an explosive source. The model incorporates a viscous Voigt liquid in description of the nonelastic rock deformation that the explosion causes. The problem is solved in the frequency domain, followed by Fourier synthesis to obtain waveforms. Comparisons of the theoretical results with field data in three sedimentary environments of shale, sandstone, and marl indicate good quantitative agreements in shape and duration of transient pulses.
Values of angular normal stress obtained at the deformed boundary suggest a dynamic tensile strength of rocks that decreased with duration of the tensile stress transient. The radius of the deformed zone (B) scales with the charge size Q approximately as Qn where n is 1/2 or larger.
Figures & Tables
Seismic Wave Propagation: Collected Works of J. E. White
This first chapter sets the stage for the later technical development of Dr. Whit’s career in applied seismics. Experiments, f’wst at the Acoustics Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and later at Mobil Oil and Marathon Oil, provided insight into the general problems of impedance measurements, transduction, filtering, and attenuation. These papers also serve as a bridge to show geophysicists how theft own experiments in seismology naturally interface with (indeed, arose out of) the larger world of sound measurements in air and water. These experiments demonstrate the power of geometrically constrained experiments to allow verification of approximate (and in some cases, exact) theories of sound.