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The relationships between the various forms of solid H2 O and solid-liquid H2 0 equilibria are well understood owing to the extensive work of P. W. Bridgman [1,2, 4, 5,6], These relationships are shown in Figure 16-1. Bridgman's [3] curve for solid-liquid equilibrium in CO2 is also shown in this figure. The specific volumes of water in cm3 /gm as a function of pressure and temperature are given in Table 16-1. The sources of these data are as follows:

1 bar,   0°-100° C   Tilton and Taylor [22]  
    Owen, White, and Smith [19]  
10-1400 bars,   0°-100° C   Bridgman [2] as recomputed  
    by Goranson [9]  
1600-10,000 bars,   90°-100° C   Bridgman [4,5]  
Vapor region,   120°-l 80° C   Juza [11] as tabulated by  
    Faxen  
Liquid region to 350 bars,   100°-360° C   Smith and Keyes [21]  
400-2500 bars,   120°-180°C   Interpolated  
Vapor-100 bars,   200°-1000° C   Kennedy [14]  
150-1400 bars,   380°-800° C   Holser and Kennedy [10]  
  Kirillin, Rumyantsev, and Zubaryev [17]  
    Keyes, Smith, and Gerry [16]  
1600-2500 bars,   380°-600° C   Kennedy [12] corrected and smoothed  
1600-2500 bars,   600°-800°C   Extrapolated on isometrics  
150-2500 bars,   850°-1000°C   Extrapolated on isometrics  
5000-250,000 bars,   120°-1000°C   Rice and Walsh [20]  
5000-50,000 bars,   80°-180°C   Bridgman [7]  
1 bar,   0°-100° C   Tilton and Taylor [22]  
    Owen, White, and Smith [19]  
10-1400 bars,   0°-100° C   Bridgman [2] as recomputed  
    by Goranson [9]  
1600-10,000 bars,   90°-100° C   Bridgman [4,5]  
Vapor region,   120°-l 80° C   Juza [11] as tabulated by  
    Faxen  
Liquid region to 350 bars,   100°-360° C   Smith and Keyes [21]  
400-2500 bars,   120°-180°C   Interpolated  
Vapor-100 bars,   200°-1000° C   Kennedy [14]  
150-1400 bars,   380°-800° C   Holser and Kennedy [10]  
  Kirillin, Rumyantsev, and Zubaryev [17]  
    Keyes, Smith, and Gerry [16]  
1600-2500 bars,   380°-600° C   Kennedy [12] corrected and smoothed  
1600-2500 bars,   600°-800°C   Extrapolated on isometrics  
150-2500 bars,   850°-1000°C   Extrapolated on isometrics  
5000-250,000 bars,   120°-1000°C   Rice and Walsh [20]  
5000-50,000 bars,   80°-180°C   Bridgman [7]  

Table 16-2, the specific volumes of water at saturation, are taken from Osborne, Stimson, and Ginnings [18], Tilton and Taylor [22], and Owen, White, and Smith [19]. Table 16-3, the density, pressure, and temperature for CO2 are taken from Kennedy [13].

REFERENCES FOR SECTION 16

1. Bridgman, Proc. Am. Acad. 47, 441, 1911

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