Oil has been continuously produced from the Devonian Leduc Formation at Innisfail field since its discovery in 1957. To date, cumulative production at Innisfail is 98.9% of recoverable oil in place (84.3 MMBO) and indicates that the Leduc is near the end of its productive life. A sequence-stratigraphic interpretation produced from core, well logs, and three-dimensional (3-D) reflection seismic data, however, suggests that production may be extended through the development of two previously undetected scenarios of bypassed oil entrapment: (1) attic oil accumulations associated with small buildups atop the isolated Innisfail platform and (2) backstep-edge accumulations located in positions structurally low to currently producing wells. In both cases, oil accumulations are related to a Leduc depositional history that was characterized by rates of long-term carbonate sediment accumulation exceeded by the rate of sea level rise. Positive bathymetric relief created at the time of deposition and, subsequently, present-day stratigraphic traps were produced during the final phase of stratal retrogradation that immediately preceded the drowning of the isolated Innisfail platform.

High-quality 3-D seismic data are essential in the exploration for both attic and backstep-edge oil accumulations at Innisfail. Integration of 3-D seismic data, well-log, and core data indicates that although depositional relief on both types of features may be low, they are nonetheless seismically resolvable. The small platform-top buildups are up to 0.16 km2 (40 ac) in diameter and have up to 10 m (33 ft) of independent closure above spill point. Backstep-edge oil accumulations occur within the structurally highest parts of the Leduc high-frequency sequence G downlap limit. Depositional relief along the downlap limit and associated trap closure ranges from approximately 5 to 15 m (16 to 49 ft). During 2003 and 2004, two platform-top buildups were directionally drilled, and one existing well located near a backstep-edge position and suspended since 1988 was reactivated. All three wells are successful and, to date, have cumulative production of 71 thousand bbl of oil. A total of 17 platform-top buildups and backstep-edge development drilling prospects exist across Innisfail and have expected-case recoverable reserves of approximately 960 thousand bbl of oil. These reserve additions suggest the potential for 1.14% field growth at Innisfail and are representative of the potential value that may yet exist within all mature Leduc fields in western Canada.

You do not currently have access to this article.