Shogren is the Stroock Distinguished Professor of Natural Resource Conservation and Management at the University of Wyoming. In 1997, he served as the senior economist for environmental policy at the President's Council of Economic Advisers during the runup to Kyoto.

In the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), most countries agreed to voluntarily reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by the turn of the 20th century (UNFCCC, 1999a). By the mid-1990s, policy makers and scientists realized that the majority of the voluntary pledges were not being met. The international community responded by increasing the pressure...

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