The external and internal geometry of four turbidite systems outcropping around the Buil syncline (Ainsa basin, Spanish Pyrenees) has been reconstructed with reservoir-scale resolution in three dimensions (3-D). The irregular geometry of the syncline and the resolution required for the reconstruction cannot be resolved with cross sections. Therefore, reconstruction has been carried out with a new methodology that applies a 3-D dip-domain geometrical model and 3-D restoration techniques to achieve reservoir-scale resolution in kilometric-scale reconstructions. This methodology is aimed at resolving 3-D geometries in folded areas and regions with variable thickness stratigraphy.
The 3-D reconstruction of the Buil syncline reveals the synsedimentary growth of an intrabasinal anticline and the foreland lithospheric flexure associated with tectonic loading north of the Ainsa basin.