Prolific hydrocarbon basins are categorized, and the plays are compared to specific tectonic and depositional events. Some plays are controlled by basin-initiating tectonic events, such as interior fracture or interior sag, and the type of sedimentation inherent in each basin type. In more complex polyhistory basins, oil and gas plays are commonly associated with combinations of various cycles, or by basin-modifying tectonics such as episodic wrenching, subsidence, foldbelts, and basin tilt.--Modified journal abstract.

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