The production of wastes, as we use the term in the context of this symposium, is the direct result of human activity. It is true that, in the natural environment, materials may be classed as “wastes” to the organism that produces them, but such wastes are utilized elsewhere by other organisms, or they are consumed elsewhere in the environmental complex. Only man has developed the ability to produce wastes in such quantities, and qualities, that they must be managed to prevent their overwhelming the local environment. This fact makes waste management a uniquely human enterprise, and one that is linked...

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