The increasing interest in land-treatment systems for sewage effluent and other liquid wastes, as well as some solid wastes, poses a threat to the quality of the native groundwater even though the waste water itself undergoes a marked improvement in quality as it moves through the ground and becomes “renovated” water. To avoid large-scale spread of the renovated water into the groundwater basin, the renovated water should be collected again at some point by wells (deep aquifers) or drains (shallow aquifers) for reuse or release into the surface water. For the Salt River Valley, the effective transmissibility of the aquifer for recharge was evaluated from a pilot project and then used in the design of a full-scale system. This effective transmissibility was less than the a full-scale system. This effective transmissibility was less than the aquifer transmissibility.