The Middle East produced 3,679,506,000 barrels of oil (at a daily rate of 10 million barrels) in 1967, an increase of 272 million barrels over 1966. The principal production increases were in Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar offshore, and Abu Dhabi. New fields were discovered in offshore Iran, the Neutral Zone, and Saudi Arabia. Exploration was principally in Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the Persian Gulf. Oman went into production for the first time this year. Individual country reports are presented.