Four of the geologic provinces, distinguished in Israel are considered to offer good oil possibilities--the Negeb region where a major domal structure and numerous other domed anticlines are present; the foothills belt, characterized by anticlinal folding both parallel and oblique with the Judean-Ephraim arch to the west; the coastal plain; the Dead Sea-Wadi El 'Araba graben, where salt domes may occur. Israel has been a coastal region, subjected to repeated marine transgression, since Cambrian time, and the thick sedimentary sequence is characterized by abrupt facies changes, unconformities, and wedge-outs, which suggest the presence of many stratigraphic traps. Bituminous beds are widespread throughout the geologic column, and numerous asphalt deposits and surface indications of oil are known. A bibliography is appended.

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