In southeastern Turkey, "the Paleozoic is represented by more than 2,000 meters of Cambro-Ordovician composed largely of micaceous sandstones, some siliceous limestones and pyroclastics in the region of Telbesmi, west of Mardin, and by limestones and marly limestones of Permo-Carboniferous age in the eastern part of the area." The Mesozoic section is principally calcareous. The lower part of the Eocene is arenaceous, the upper part, a chalky and soft limestone. The Miocene contains siliceous and gypsiferous limestones and shales.

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