ABSTRACT

Fractures are the main fluid-flow pathways in tight-oil sandstones, and they have a significant influence on tight-oil distribution, exploration, and development. Cores and image logs are commonly unavailable because of their high costs, so employing conventional logs for fracture detection is imperative for tight-oil sandstones. We compared the fracture-response characteristics of conventional logs based on two data sets, one from 8 cored wells with fracture intensities greater than 1 m−1 (3.3 ft−1) and the other from 11 cored wells with fracture intensities less than 0.5 m−1 (1.6 ft−1), with a case study of the Upper Triassic Yanchang Formation in southwest Ordos Basin, China. The results indicate that when tight-oil sandstones are more intensely fractured, the caliper log, acoustic log, compensated neutron log, density log, dual induction logs, and laterolog 8 present fracture responses to some extent. However, it is difficult to make a distinction between fractured and nonfractured zones using conventional logs in sandstones with smaller fracture intensities. The fracture-response intensities of conventional logs are weak, and they are influenced by fracture abundance, fracture occurrence, fracture scale, and mineral-filling degree. Moreover, lithology, fluids, and rock physical properties can cause fracturelike responses. Hence, some ambiguity exists when using conventional logs to directly identify fractures. Accompanying fracture-sensitive conventional logs with some methods to enhance fracture-response intensity and eliminate nonfracture influence could enable fracture identification in tight-oil sandstones.

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