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The distribution of the basement in the Guajira Offshore Basin in Colombia appears to be consistent with the evolution of the autochthonous South American Block as part of a continent-ocean transform fault of the late Jurassic rift system that created the proto-Caribbean Sea between the North and South American plates. Later, rotation, accretion of suspect terranes, and the collision-subduction with the Caribbean plate framed current architecture of the basement in the basin. In addition to the Mesoproterozoic crust found in the onshore Alta Guajira area, a set of terranes of diverse age including late Triassic metamorphic rocks, early Cretaceous...

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