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Deposition of pelagic chalk, turbidites, debris flows, and calcareous sandstone of the Kingshill Marl resulted from a variety of sedimentary processes active in an open basin and adjacent shelf in central St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Foraminiferal, coral, and nannoplankton index-fossil evidence indicates an age for the Kingshill ranging from middle early Miocene to middle Miocene.

The dominant lithology of the Kingshill is a bedded sequence of alternating (1) porous, pale orange, pelagic, biogenic chalk and (2) sandy to conglomeratic, light brown, terrigenous and ben-thic, skeletal marl. The latter unit represents periodic turbidite and debris flows (containing 0.5 m...

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