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Field and diagenetic studies of injected sandstones occurring within the Dinantian oil-shale group of Scotland show that they provided subvertical pathways for petroleum fluid flow from host oil shales. Despite rapid cementation by pre- compactional ankerite, the injected sandstones became reactivated as fluid conduits during subsequent deformation that caused pervasive fracturing. An early phase of Fe dolomite and Fe ankerite veins shows no evidence of petroleum migration; however, abundant primary petroleum inclusions in a second phase of calcite veins, probably formed during Upper Carboniferous to Lower Permian Variscan deformation, suggests that the oil shales had reached maturity. Igneous intrusions...

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