The Upper Jurassic Hareelv Formation of East Greenland: A Giant Sedimentary Injection Complex
Published:January 01, 2007
Finn Surlyk, Nanna Noe-Nygaard, John Gjelberg, 2007. "The Upper Jurassic Hareelv Formation of East Greenland: A Giant Sedimentary Injection Complex", Sand Injectites: Implications for Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production, Andrew Hurst, Joseph Cartwright
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The Upper Jurassic Hareelv Formation in Jameson Land, East Greenland is one of the world’s finest outcrop examples of a giant sand-injection complex. The contrast between the black, organic-rich hemipelagic mudstones and the injected light yellow sandstones is striking and allows easy recognition of geometries both in close-up and from a distance. The formation is 200–400 m (660–1310 ft) thick, and in the lower part (Katedralen Member), the sandstone/mudstone ratio is roughly 1:1, increasing to about 9:1 in the upper part (Sjsllandselv Member).
All sands in the upper Oxfordian–Volgian Katedralen Member have undergone postburial remobilization and injection into the...
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Sand Injectites: Implications for Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production
Sand injectites are described in scientific literature as an increasingly common occurrence in hydrocarbon reservoirs, in particular in deep-water clastic systems, where they are known to influence reserves distribution and recovery. Seismically-detectable injected sand bodies constitute targets for exploration and development wells and, subseismic sand bodies provide excellent intra-reservoir flow units that create field-wide vertical communication through depositionally extensive, low-permeability units. As sand injectites form permeable conduits in otherwise low-permeability units they facilitate the expulsion of basinal fluids; hence they act both as a seal risk and mitigate timing and rate of hydrocarbon migration. Injected sand bodies form intrusive traps, which are distinct from structural or stratigraphic traps. Included in this publication are 10 chapters on subsurface examination of sand injectites, 1 chapter on theoretical considerations, and 13 outcrop analogs in reservoirs across the world. Captured in this volume is at least a taste of the global and stratigraphic distribution of sand injectites, and an attempt to introduce readers to sand injectites and their significance in the context of hydrocarbon exploration and production. The book is not intended as a complete review of the field-based literature, but emphasizes high quality case studies from the surface and subsurface. The geographic scope of the book is large, and illustrates the diversity of geological settings in which these fascinating and economically significant features are found.