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The development of Permian to Cretaceous sedimentary basins in southern Britain was profoundly controlled by the extensional reactivation of Caledonian and Variscan structural features. Analysis of fault kinematics and basin geometries indicates that Permian to early Jurassic basins developed within a region of roughly east-west continental extension, as Pangea was stretched. In late Jurassic and early Cretaceous times regional east-west extension continued, but the sedimentary basins of southern England developed a different structural aspect, suggestive of more northward-directed extension, probably related to rotation of Iberia and opening of the Bay of Biscay. Two plate-tectonic reconstructions for end-Carboniferous time are...

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