The Shanwang Basin (36 30'N, 118 43/E) is located22 km east of Linqu Shandong Province, eastern China(Figure 1). The Shandong peninsula is on the Sino Koreanplat form, which stabilized during the Proterozoic(Yang et al., 1986; Ren et al., 1987). The Tancheng Lujiangfault zone, a shearing deep fracture system extending more than 1000 km in a north-northeast south-southwest direction in eastern China, is east of the Shanwang area (Zhao et al., 1983; [in, 1985; Ren etal., 1987) (see Figure 1). The Miocene Shanwang lacustrine basin was one of the major Tertiary diatomitemining districts in China until 1987; however, the excellent fossil material associated with the diatomite is now the major interest of this lacustrine basin. The lake deposits contain a highly diversified and well-preserved Miocene fossil biota that has provided important paleontologic and paleo environmental information since the site was discovered in the early 1930s. The Chinese government has declared a 1.5 krn- area in the Shanwang Basin as a National Major Natural Protection Area, and the Shanwang fossil site is also on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
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Lake Basins Through Space and Time
The geology of lake basins was a popular subject in the 19th century, fired by interest in the discoveries during the exploration of the American west. This book builds on the experience of an international group of limnogeology enthusiasts. The science of limnogeology is of importance to petroleum geology. Although not every limnic deposit is an exploration target, a comprehensive understanding of diverse lacustrine environments of deposition can help exploration strategies. The volume presents 60 new basin summaries, a few of which are Mongolia, southeastern Kazakhstan, southern Scotland, northwest China, the U.S. southwest, southern France, northeastern Spain, central Italy, and northwestern Mexico.