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The development of the Baltic Sea during the Holocene was mainly controlled by climatically driven eustatic sea-level change and vertical crustal movements. Both factors affect sea-level changes interpreted from sedimentological investigations at coastal locations. Comparison of relative sea-level curves with a eustatic curve reveals the contribution of vertical crustal movements to coastal changes as expressed via a “coast index.” A coast index c(i) for the Baltic region can be derived, by which a location can be allocated to either a “crustal-uplift/subsidence type” or a “climate-controlled type.” Coastal locations investigated along the Fennoscandian Shield belong to the crustal-uplift type and...

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